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The Community Expansion Pack (CEP) is a large hak pak collection of community-made custom content. Most of the included material comes from content previously posted on the Neverwinter Vault by independent users, with additional content developed specifically for the CEP. Included content is organized to function properly together, with necessary updates made to models, scripts, and .2da files. The CEP is intended to be a "universal" download - players can download this single package to access a large number of modules and persistent worlds that otherwise would have each required their own individual downloads.
Builders using the CEP for their module have the option of selecting which CEP content appears in-game. Custom content from the CEP does not override default Neverwinter Nights content. The CEP has been very successful, and many long-term players have found the CEP to be as vital to Neverwinter Nights as the expansion packs.
Compressed package formats are often preferred because they are easier to manage, transfer and store. For the same reasons, only one or a few artifacts per module are commonly used. However, artifacts can be of any file type and any number of them can be declared in a single module.
In the Java world, common artifacts are Java archives or JAR files. In many cases, each revision of a module publishes only one artifact (like jakarta-log4j-1.2.6.tar.gz, for instance), but some of them publish many artifacts depending on the use of the module (like apache-ant binary and source distributions in zip, gz and bz2 package formats, for instance).
The artifact type is a category of a particular kind of artifact specimen. It is a classification based on the intended purpose of an artifact or why it is provided, not a category of packaging format or how the artifact is delivered.
In some cases the artifact type already implies its file name extension, but not always. More generic types may include several different file formats, e.g. documentation can contain tarballs, zip packages or any common document formats.
Most of the artifacts found in a repository are jars. They can be downloaded and used as is. But some other kind of artifacts required some unpacking after being downloaded and before being used. Such artifacts can be zipped folders and packed jars. Ivy supports that kind of artifact with packaging.
A packaged artifact needs to be declared as such in the module descriptor via the attribute packaging. The value of that attribute defined which kind of unpacking algorithm must be used. Here are the list of currently supported algorithms:
A file mymodule-1.2.3.jar.pack.gz would be download into the cache, and also uncompressed in the cache to mymodule-1.2.3.jar. Then any post resolve task which supports it, like the cachepath, will use the uncompressed file instead of the original compressed file.
It is possible to chain packing algorithm. The attribute packaging of a artifact expects a comma separated list of packing types, in packing order. For instance, an artifact mymodule-1.2.3.jar.pack.gz can have the packaging jar,pack200, so it would be uncompressed as a folder mymodule-1.2.3.
Even more problematic is the possible updates of the repository. We know that versions published in such repositories should be stable and not be updated, but we also frequently see that a module descriptor is buggy, or an artifact corrupted. We even see sometimes a new version published with the same name as the preceding one because the previous one was simply badly packaged. This can occur even to the best; it occurred to us with Ivy 1.2 :-) But then we decided to publish the new version with a different name, 1.2a. But if the repository manager allows such updates, this means that what worked before can break. It can thus break your build reproducibility.
If you already build your application and its modules using Ivy, it is really easy to leverage your Ivy repository to download your application and all its dependencies on the local filesystem, ready to be executed. If you also put your settings files as artifacts in your repository (maybe packaged as a zip), the whole installation process can rely on Ivy, easing the automatic installation of any version of your application available in your repository!
The packaging instructions are contained in "packager.xml" in a simple XML format. At resolve time this file gets converted into a "build.xml" file via XSLT and then executed using Ant. Therefore, Ant must be available as an executable on the platform. The Ant task executes in a separate Ant project and so is not affected by properties, etc. that may be set in any existing Ant environment in which Ivy is running. However, Ivy will define a few properties for convenience; see the "Properties" listed below.
Setting a resourceURL will cause the resolver to override the URLs for resources specified by the packaging instructions. Instead, all resources will be downloaded from an URL constructed by first resolving the resourceURL pattern into a base URL, and then resolving the resource filename relative to that base URL. In other words, the resourceURL pattern specifies the URL "directory", so it should always end in a forward slash.
Defines a packager resolver which points to the online repository. Builds will occur in a subdirectory of$user.home/.ivy2/packager/build, downloaded resources will be cached in $user.home/.ivy2/packager/cache and the mirror site organisation/[module]/ will be tried first for all resources.
The goal of the packaging instructions is to download the required archives, extract the artifacts, and put the artifacts into a subdirectory. Each artifact should be written to artifacts/[type]s/[artifact].[ext] when the Ant build completes.
Below is an example of packaging instructions for the Apache Commons Email module. Note that no build tag is required because all of the Maven 2 artifacts are usable directly (i.e., without unpacking anything).
This kind of resolver helps the packaging of an entire repository. Since the entire "repository" jar is expected to be local at some point, the size of a such repository should be considered to be not too large if it is expected to be remote; hence the artifacts in a such repo should be little in size.
The requirement strategy is defining how the resolver should behave when facing several choices. In the OSGi dependency model, an Import-Package requirement can be satisfied by several different bundles. So when resolving such requirement, Ivy will first look into the already resolved bundles if one provides that package. If it fails to find one, then two behaviours can occur:
Exported packages are declaring capabilities of the bundle in term of packages. But they also declare dependencies between the declared package via the parameter use. These dependencies have to be declared in the ivy.xml. And we will use Ivy module configurations for that.
Having this setup, it is then a standard Ant+Ivy build. Ivy computes the classpath to be used by the javac tasks. Note that javac is not aware of the OSGi metadata and is then incapable of failing to compile if private packages are accessed.
All pluggable code in Ivy is located in the org.apache.ivy.plugins package. In each package you will find an interface that you must implement to provide a new plugin. We usually also provide an abstract class easing the implementation and making your code more independent of interface changes. We heavily recommend using these abstract classes as a base class. 041b061a72